A synthetic bone graft is a medical procedure that includes the use of synthetic materials to allow the reproduction of bone tissue in spots where natural bone is insufficient or has been compromised. Synthetic bone grafts work as a foundation for bone healing in oral surgeries.

Synthetic Bone Graft for Dental Implants

Patients with insufficient or defective bone structure can’t possibly hold the implant in place. Therefore, Synthetic bone graft materials are designed to mimic the characteristics of natural bone and stimulate the regeneration of new bone tissue. These synthetic bone grafts offer the following benefits to dental implants:

  • Implant Stability
  • Avoidance of Autografts
  • Consistency and predictability
  • Biocompatibility
  • Minimal surgical time

What is a Synthetic Bone Graft Made of?

Not every dental implant case requires a bone graft but they are often done to enhance the jaw’s strength. The particular composition of synthetic bone grafts can vary between products and manufacturers. The choice of material is based on factors like the intended application, the surgeon’s preferences, and the patient’s individual needs.

1. Hydroxyapatite (HA):

Hydroxyapatite is a mineral state of calcium apatite that mimics the mineral composition of natural bone. It works as a structure for new bone growth and merges well with the neighboring bone tissue. HA is used in granular or block form in synthetic bone grafts.

2. Beta-Tricalcium Phosphate (β-TCP):

β-TCP is biocompatible and resorbable, it can be gradually replaced by natural bone as it proceeds with the healing process. This resorption allows the incorporation of the patient’s bone with time.

3. Calcium Phosphate Cement (CPC):

CPC is a synthetic material that can be molded to fix particular defects. It solidifies to provide instant structural support. Like other calcium-based materials, CPC stimulates bone regeneration and is eventually replaced by natural bone during the healing process.

4. Bioactive Glass:

Bioactive glass is a kind of synthetic bone graft material that possesses a mixture of silica, calcium, sodium, and phosphorus. It can integrate with living tissue and promote bone growth.

5. Polymers:

Some synthetic bone grafts can infuse biocompatible polymers to improve their handling properties. These polymers can offer structural support and can also be designed to resorb as natural bone replaces the graft material.

Synthetic Bone Grafts vs. autograft

Synthetic bone grafts and autografts both are used in oral surgeries. However, both have different characteristics. Synthetic grafts provide ease and consistency, while autografts offer live bone with natural healing potential. Following are some considerations upon which your dental surgeon decides which one works best for your case

  • Size of Bone Defect:

    The selection between synthetic and autografts can be based on the size of the bone defect. Bigger defects can be fixed with the structural support and osteogenic potential of autografts.

  • Patient Health:

    The entire health of the patient, as well as factors like age and medical history, can impact the choice of graft material.

  • Surgical Technique:

    The surgeon’s expertise and preference, as well as the particular surgical method, can play a role in selecting the most suitable graft.

Concluding Thoughts

The answer to whether a synthetic bone graft is a good choice is yes. Their biocompatibility, consistent quality, and ability to eliminate the need for a secondary surgical site. The surgeon’s technique and experience also play a huge role in the success of your oral surgeries.

You can contact Dr. Ahmad Millwala at Vintage Oral Surgery. His specialties lie in office-based procedures like tooth extractions, bone grafting, and placement of dental implants. Call us at (281) 800-8852 to book an appointment.

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